Skip to main content

Getting Started with Research: MLA

MLA Core Citation Elements

MLA 8's list of core elements are the general pieces of information that MLA suggests including in each Works Cited entry.

  1. Author.
  2. Title of source.
  3. Title of container,
  4. Other contributors,
  5. Version,
  6. Number,
  7. Publisher,
  8. Publication date,
  9. Location.

Each element should be listed in the order shown above and followed by the punctuation mark as shown.

How To Make a Hanging Indent

Both MLA and APA require a hanging indent in your citation list (Works Cited or References). With a hanging indent, only the first line of a citation goes all the way to the left margin. every additional line is indented by 0.5 inches. To do this in MS Word,

On a PC, select your text and hit Ctrl T or select your text, right click your mouse, choose Paragraph/Indentation then Special:Hanging

On a Mac, select your text and look under the Format menu for Paragraph then Indents and Spacing.

This video from the Social Work Library at Boston College shows how to do this.

Excelsior Online Writing Lab includes a variety of writing and citation information, including APA and MLA style guides. 

logo for Purdue OWL

Sample MLA-style Citations

All source types

Example of website with an author:

Lundman, Susan. "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow,

According to Purdue OWL:

  • Put individual webpage name in quotation marks.
  • The name of the parent website, the "container," should follow in italics.
  • Include the url but leave off "http://"
  • For websites without an author, start with the website name. See more.
  • TED Talks and other videos can also be cited this way.

Contact Us

Make a virtual appointment.
Email Us

About the Library/Learning Commons

Diversity, Equity & Inclusion 

Faculty/Staff IT Help

Faculty Resources and Services


MCC Library website & hours

Student IT Help

Using Someone's Information in Your Work

There are three ways to use information from someone else's, or your own, work responsibly and ethically in your own work. In all three cases, you must give credit to the creator of that information by citing their work. 

Quoting – Quote by copying the exact words from a source into your paper, and putting quotation marks around them. You quote when the words matter as much as or more than the ideas or information in a passage. 

Paraphrasing – Paraphrase by rephrasing a sentence or short passage in your own words. It's not enough to just change the author's words -- you should completely change the way the information is expressed. You paraphrase when it's the ideas or information you need to express, and not the exact words. 

Summarizing – Summarize by stating the main ideas of a source or section of a source in your own words. You summarize when you want to refer to a long section of a source or to present an overview of one of your source's ideas. 

Always include a citation, whether you quote, paraphrase, or summarize.

If you quote, paraphrase or summarize your own writing (from another paper) you must cite yourself. "Recycling" part of or an entire paper from one class for another is considered plagiarism.

Check out "Quoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing" at Purdue Owl. 

Copyright © Manchester Community College | 1066 Front Street, Manchester, NH
Phone: (603) 206-8150