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Citing Sources: MLA

Purdue OWL on MLA Style

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MLA Core Citation Elements

When deciding how to cite your source, start by consulting the list of core elements. These are the general pieces of information that MLA suggests including in each Works Cited entry. In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order:

  1. Author.
  2. Title of source.
  3. Title of container,
  4. Other contributors,
  5. Version,
  6. Number,
  7. Publisher,
  8. Publication date,
  9. Location.

Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication, and required punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses, and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler (just commas and periods separate the elements), and information about the source is kept to the basics.

Source: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/

MLA Handbook (Eighth edition)

Please note: In the Spring of 2016, MLA published the eighth edition of its handbook. This version is significantly different than the previous version.

Formatting an MLA Research Paper

Free Citation Tools

Free apps and online tools can create reference lists, works cited, bibliographies, etc. in different citation styles.

Double check the results you get using these tools. Remember as well that these sources are only as good as the information you type in to them! Also check that they reflect the latest version of MLA (8th edition).

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