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Citing Sources: APA

Examples of APA References

 

Based on Publication Manual, 6th Edition, 2010


Journal Article with DOI (see section 7.01 1., pg. 198)

Example:

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients.

   Health Psychology,  24, 225-229. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Journal Article with DOI, more than seven authors (see section 7.01 2., pg. 198)

Example:

Gilbert, D. G., McClernon, J. F., Rabinovich, N. E., Sugai, C., Plath, L. C.,
    Asgaard, G., ...Botros, N. (2004). Effects of quitting smoking on EEG
    activation and attention last more than 31 days and are more
    severe with stress, dependence, DRD2 A1 allele, and depressive traits.
    Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 6, 249-267.
    doi.10.1080/14622200410001676305

Journal Article without DOI (see section 7.01 3., pg. 199)

Print Example:

Light, M. A., & Light, I. H. (2008). The geographic expansion of Mexican
    immigration in the United States and its implications for local law
    enforcement. Law Enforcement Executive Forum Journal, 8(1), 73-82.

Online Example:

Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem
    mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness.
    E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved from
    http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/indes.php/ejap

Newspaper article (see section 7.01 10. & 11., pg. 200)

Print Example:

Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status.
    The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.

Online Example:

Brody, J. E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The
    New York Times.
Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

Entire book, print (see section 7.02 18., pg. 203)

Example:

Shotton, M. A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer
    dependency.
London, England: Taylor & Francis.

Electronic version of a print book (see section 7.02 19., pg. 203)

Example:

O'Keefe, E. (n.d.). Egoism & the crisis in Western values. Retrieved from
    http://www.online originals.com/showitem.asp?itemID=135

Electronic-only book (see section 7.02 21., pg. 203)

Example:

Shotton, M. A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer
    dependency.
[DX Reader version]. Retrieved from
    http://www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk/html/index.asp

Schiraldi, G. R. (2001). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: A
    guide to healing, recovery, and growth
[Adobe Digital Editions version].
    doi:10.1036/0071393722

Book chapter, print (see section 7.02 25., pg. 204)

Example:

Haybron, D. M. (2008). Philosophy and the science of subjective well-being.
    In M Eid & R. J. Larson (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being (pp.
    17-43). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Reference book, print (see section 7.02 27., pg 204)

Example:

VandenBos, G. R. (Ed.). (2007). APA dictionary of psychology. Washington,
    DC: American Psychological Association.

Entry in an online reference work (see section 7.02 29. & 30., pg. 205)

Example:

Graham, G. (2005). Behaviorism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.). The Stanford
    encyclopedia of philosophy
(Fall 2007 ed.). Retrieved from
    http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism/

Heuristic. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster's online dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved
    from http://www.m-w.com/dictinoary/heuristic

 

Example:

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

 
 
 
 

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APA Blog - Clarification about APA Style

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What is a DOI?

APA citation style requires the use of DOI's (Digital Object Identifiers) for all resources that have originated online. 

Articles found in library databases or on the Web that were originally published online should include a DOI. Many databases will provide the DOI for you along with the rest of an article's citation information (title, author, etc.). 

If you cannot determine the DOI of an article that originated online and NOT in print, simply include "Retrieved from" and the URL address of website at the end of the PRINT citation.

If you have a DOI and need to find a document go to this DOI resolver.

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